Book Excerpts

Chapter 41: Understanding Acute Forearm Compartment Syndrome
Helena Tizón-Marcos, MD, MsC

After reading this chapter you should be able to understand easy forearm anatomy, physiopathology of the acute forearm compartment syndrome, and incidence of this syndrome while recognizing preceding signs, and treating forearm hematomas.

Chapter 42: Radial Artery Occlusion Treatment
Ivo Bernat, MD, PhD

Current evidence of post-procedural radial artery occlusion (RAO) treatment in literature is relatively low and mainly includes case reports or very small series of patients, which is in contrast to a rapidly increasing number of transradial diagnostic and interventional procedures and publications.

Chapter 43: Transradial Approach for Lower Extremity Peripheral Interventions
Jonathan R. Rosenberg, MD; Alexander G. Truesdell, MD; Sandeep Nathan, MD, MSc

Percutaneous interventions of the lower extremities have traditionally utilized transfemoral access as the approach of choice. More recently, transradial access has been demonstrated to be a viable alternate approach for such procedures.

Chapter 44: Upper Extremity and Carotid Artery Stenting
Sasko Kedev, MD, PhD

The femoral artery is the conventional access site for carotid stent procedures. However, this approach may be difficult or impossible in certain patients with anatomical variations of the aortic arch or common carotid artery and in patients with significant peripheral vascular disease.

Chapter 45: Transradial Approach for Coronary Bifurcation Disease
Yves Louvard, MD, FSCAI; Thierry Lefèvre, MD, FESC, FSCAI; Philippe Garot, MD, FESC; Thomas Hovasse, MD

Basics of Bifurcation Stenting Coronary trees are built on a fractal geometry model with a typical module, the asymmetric bifurcation, which is self-replicating over the whole coronary tree with a constant total vascular surface in the epicardial segment that maintains flow velocity and pressure. Each bifurcation has three segments: the proximal, the distal main, and the side branch (SB).